Description of Office

Constables are certified peace officers; they have the same enforcement powers as other peace officers, as defined by the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure Article 2.12. They often participate actively in criminal investigations and assist other law enforcement agencies.
In many communities, constables focus on truancy cases and work closely with their courts. In addition to performing traditional law enforcement functions, the constable also serves as bailiff for the justice courts and serves subpoenas and papers necessary to the functioning of both the civil and criminal justice systems.
The constable also plays an important role in making sure the judgments rendered in civil cases are satisfied. The constable also must keep accounts of the financial transactions of the office and is responsible for property seized or money collected through law enforcement action or by court order.
Constables’ offices vary in size, from one to over 400 employees, and their responsibilities to the community likewise vary depending on the needs of their community.
As with all elected county officials, the constable has ultimate authority over the operations of the office, including the authority to hire and fire personnel and direct their daily activities. The constable also has authority to determine how to use all other resources allocated to the office during the budget process.
For more complete information about the duties of a constable and other county officials, click here.


Education Requirements

Coordinating body
The Texas Commission on Law Enforcement is the permanent contact for constables hours.
6330 U.S. Highway 290 East, Suite 200
Austin, Texas 78723

TCOLE Requirements
Continuing Education Deadlines for all Peace Officer Licensees

Commission Rule 217.11 Legislatively Required Continuing Education for Licensees requires that individuals appointed as peace officers shall complete at least 40 hours of continuing education training and must complete a training and education program that covers recent changes to the laws of this state and of the United States pertaining to peace officers every 24-month unit of a training cycle. Included within the 40-hour requirement are other legislative required topics. These requirements ar elisted below for your information. All peace officers must meet these requirements or their peace officer licenses will become inactive Aug. 31, 2017. A peace officer first licensed on or after January 1, 2011, must complete a basic training program on the trafficking of persons within one year of licensure.
Legislatively required continuing education requirements for the current training cycle for peace officers holding a Basic Certification are as follows:
​Course Topics Course
​Special Investigative
​3232 or 3737 ​08/31/17
Cultural Diversity​ ​3939 or 3737 ​08/31/17
Crisis Intervention
​3840, 3841,
 *Note the above courses are mandatory, but can be used as part of the 40 hours required in either unit.
​Requirement Time Frame​
40 hours in the first unit - any topic(s)​ ​09/01/13 -
40 hours in the second unit - any topic(s)​ ​09/01/15-

Each constable must complete at least 40 hours of continuing education through the Bill Blackwood Institute during the current 4-year training cycle. (Occupation Code 1701.3545)

  • Newly elected or appointed constables must take Course 3742 New Constable’s Course within 2 years of appointment or election.  (Occupation Code 1701.3545(d))
  • Constables who have already completed the requirements of a newly elected or appointed constables must take Course 3743, Constable’s Continuing Education each cycle. (Occupation Code 1701.3545(d))

Deputy Constables

Deputy constables are required (unless waived by their elected constable) to have the 20-hour civil process course (3101 or 3131) as part of the above requirements, but their  deadlines vary and some waivers based on assignment may apply. Each deputy is also required to take a 2-hour bi-annual legislative update as a part of their on-going training.
TCOLE hours
(512) 936-7700
Programs that qualify
For constables, any approved by TCOLE.
Filing for Credit
For constables: Training coordinators report hours earned to TCOLE. Records of Texas Justice Court Training Center training of civil process for constables are recorded by TJCTC and forwarded to TCOLE.
Continuing Education Requirements
For constables: Required to attain 40 hours biannually, 20 hours of which must be in civil process. Per 2013 Texas Senate Bill No. 686, Texas Eighty-Third Legislature
Legal source
V.T.C.A., Tex. Occ. Code, Sec. 1701.3545 

Open Government Training Information

Elected and appointed public officials are required by a state law to receive training in Texas open government laws. For more information on this training including free video training courses, check out The Office of the Attorney General website.  

County Official Organizations

The Texas Association of Counties serves as the umbrella organization for various independent county official organizations in Texas. These organizations serve as an important resource for county officials for information, networking and advocacy.
Here you will find links to these organizations' websites which provide information on annual conference dates, leadership information and more.


Justices of the Peace and Constables Association of Texas