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Texas Association of Counties
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    Legislative Services

    Texas is 254 counties strong. That's a lot of experience and know-how state lawmakers can rely on when making public policy decisions. County officials across Texas are ready to help.


    County Judicial System

    Return to County Legislative Issues

    Texas counties play a critical role in supporting the state’s judicial system. In fact, support for the judicial system is one of the most significant components of county budgets.

    Watch: How does the Texas county court system work?

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    Key Points
    • County governments fund and support much of the judicial system statewide, including district courts, county-level courts, and justice courts. They also provide funding for court staff, prosecutors, and court-appointed attorneys.
    • In FY 2018, counties spent an estimated $1.787 billion statewide to support the judicial system.
    • State law stipulates the jurisdiction of the district, county and justice courts, which can include felonies, misdemeanors, civil cases and juvenile cases, among many other matters.
    • Statewide, civil caseloads are growing across all trial court levels. In 2019, new civil cases filed in district courts increased by 12%, and increased by 14% in county courts, and increased by 18% in justice courts.